Friday, December 13, 2013

Ubuntu Server SSH and FTP setup guide

Enable Ubuntu  Desktop GUI
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-desktop
There are many desktop alternatives which you may install and use, like:
Gnome 3 installation: sudo apt-get install gnome-shell
KDE see Kubuntu installation: sudo apt-get install kubuntu-desktop
XFCE installation: sudo apt-get install xfce4
LXDE installation: sudo apt-get install lxde
Openbox installation: sudo apt-get install openbox
Gnome Classic a Gnome 3 desktop that looks like Gnome 2 installation: sudo apt-get install gnome-session-fallback

Local and or remote administration
Command to find the IP address of Ubuntu server
Ifconfig

Enable SSH in Ubuntu 12.04
To get started, press Ctrl – Alt – T on your keyboard to open Terminal. When it opens, run the commands below to install SSH Server.
sudo apt-get install openssh-server

SSH  default port 22. If you wish to change the connection port, run the commands below to open the configuration file.
sudo gedit /etc/ssh/sshd_confi
Then change the port # shown to whatever you want and save the file. But remember to use the new port number every time you want to connect to your system via SSH.

DOWNLOAD PUTTY SSH CLIENT TO CONNECT SERVER USING SSH

Install FTP server
sudo apt-get install vsftpd

Edit vsftp configuration
            sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf
mkdir

How to Add a User on Ubuntu 12.04
To add a new user in Ubuntu, use the adduser command, replacing the “newuser” with your preferred username.
sudo adduser newuser

As soon as you type this command, Ubuntu will automatically start the process:
Type in and confirm your password

Enter in the user’s information. This is not required, pressing enter will automatically fill in the field with the default information

Press Y (or enter) when Ubuntu asks you if the information is correct
Restart The FTP Server
Type the following command:
sudo  service vsftpd restart


Manually setup IP
Change to a static IP address:
root:/# nano /etc/network/interfaces
This takes you to the interfaces config, which you'll need to alter to reflect your IP schema. For example:
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet static
address 10.0.0.3
netmask 255.255.255.0
gateway 10.0.0.1

Within the nano environment, type ctrl + o to write the changes. Then press ENTER to save it to the same file name. Finally press ctrl + x to exit nano.

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